Why Kids Reject Healthy Food: The Science Behind It
Let’s face it. Kids are the ultimate skeptics, especially when it comes to upbeat songs about broccoli, assurances that peas and carrots are the very reason people grow strong and tall, or stories about Popeye’s spinach dependency.
Recently, however, research has shed some light on why sometimes even our most inventive tactics don’t seem to make healthful food more appealing to kids.
Don’t Tell Your Children It’s Good for Them
According to a study from the University of Chicago, children are actually more likely to reject food when they know it’s good for them, and all our cajoling often only strengthens their resolve and will make them not eat whatever it is we want them to try.
“You influence what your child eats by choosing to serve certain foods at the table. Adding reasons and trying to convince them to eat often doesn’t work and can actually backfire,” says lead researcher Professor Ayelet Fishbach.
She explains that children seem to think that food can’t serve two purposes: it can’t be healthy and taste good at the same time.
So if you tell your kids that carrots are good for their eyes or will help them read better, it actually makes them less enthusiastic about eating them because they feel that if carrots are so good for them, they can’t possibly be delicious too.
It’s Better to Say Nothing Than to Praise the Food for Its Healthiness
The children participating in the study listened to stories about a girl who was having a snack and were then given a snack of their own. Each time the story presented a certain food as being good for them, the children ate less of it.
For instance, kids rated crackers as less tasty and ate fewer of them when the story mentioned that crackers would help them count to 100.
So what’s the takeaway for parents?
“Just serve healthy food and make sure all you serve is healthy,” says Fishbach. “You can say that it’s yummy, but we didn’t see that it helps beyond serving the food and saying nothing at all, although it doesn’t hurt either.”
Of course, it’s only natural to want to encourage your kids to eat healthy foods, and your first instinct will probably be to tell them about all the great vitamins and nutrients that will benefit them.
But, if you frequently find yourself engaged in mealtime struggles, a better approach would be to simply bite your tongue and serve that spinach or cabbage without praising its healthiness.
Be a Role Model
Another thing to be aware of is that children tend to be very responsive to role models, so when they see their parents eating and enjoying something, they will be more open to eating it as well.
“Serving a personal example is great. Your child will mimic you,” Fishbach explains.
Phil Casey, trainer and assessor of Allied Health courses at Open Colleges and father of two, agrees that giving an example is important and adds that reducing snacks between meals and giving mealtimes structure can also help kids to form healthier eating habits.
“I cannot stress the importance of family mealtimes enough,” he says. “Giving structure to mealtimes is a good tactic, as children like routine.”
He also warns that;
“Once kids have finished, there should be no coming back as this can generate behaviour that is not ideal at mealtimes, as they will feel that they can just pick at their food and it will still be there later.”
So, in short, don’t make a big deal about serving healthy food. If you want your kids to eat their greens, just serve them and be a role model by eating and enjoying them yourself without going into detail about the nutritional value.
Kids are smarter than we give them credit for, and if you’re already extolling the benefits of broccoli or cabbage before it even hits their plate, they’re going to assume that there is a catch. As a result, they will reject healthy food and opt for the junk food alternatives.
In conclusion, it’s all about finding a balance between providing your children with the right nutrition and not going overboard with health talk. Stick to serving healthy food, lead by example, and let the food speak for itself. Eventually, your children will come around and appreciate the health benefits of a nutritious diet.